See also: Artifacts
Research is an interesting mechanic in Barons of the Galaxy, allowing lucky and skilled players to drastically alter the playing field.
To research, you must use an ACP to build a research facility somewhere with the artifact resource present, the same as you would when harvesting any other resource. You then choose the Artifact you'd like to research - again, the same as you would choose a product to produce. Each turn, the Research Facility will produce artifacts until it has completed the research, at which point the final Artifact will appear as an item at the location of the facility.
There are very few artifact resource points in Barons, so the Overcrowding can be extremely high, making this an expensive endeavor. Not recommended for newer players.